What is the proper mowing practice?

Mowing should be done on a frequent basis throughout the growing season to maintain a healthy and attractive lawn. Each mowing should never remove more than 1/3 of the blade and it is recommended to let the clippings return to the turf to recycle nutrients.

For more information: http://msue.anr.msu.edu/resources/mowing-lawn-turf

What is fertilizer?

Fertilizer is a mixture of elements that are natural to our soil and essential for plant growth. Fertilizer can be derived from natural means or synthesized for use, both being organic in nature. Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), and Potassium (K) are the essential elements for a fertilizer blend and are labeled with the percentage of each on every bag. Research shows there is no difference in the end result of the turf whether a dry, granular fertilizer or a liquid-based fertilizer is used.

For more information: http://extension.illinois.edu/lawntalk/planting/choosing_fertilizers_for_home_lawns.cfm

Why do I need a lawn care program for my lawn?

Lawn care programs can provide a property owner the peace of mind when it comes to having a healthy, attractive, and weed-free lawn. Standard programs are developed to help meet the needs of most of the common lawns in our areas; however, customized programs can be developed to help meet a particular need.

For more information: https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/ay/ay-26-w.pdf

What should I look for in a lawn care company?

When choosing a company advertising lawn care services, they should be a reputable company in your community with a history of professionalism. Any lawn care company that advertises “weed-control” or other services requiring the use of pesticides needs to be licensed by the Department of Agriculture in their particular State.

For more information: http://www.bbb.org/blog/2012/06/how-to-hire-a-lawn-care-service/

What should I do for my lawn during a drought?

Adequate soil moisture is a must for lawns not only to survive, but also to continue to grow. According to most research studies, a typical lawn in our area, needs anywhere from 1/2″-1″ of rainfall per week. In the case of a drought, your lawn will need the proper amount of soil moisture to survive. Sometimes during a drought, your lawn may appear to be brown and dead; however, most well-established lawns actually go “dormant”, which is a resting period where the lawn is not actively growing.

For more information: https://web.extension.illinois.edu/cook/downloads/9241.pdf

What is nutsedge and how is it controlled?

Nutsedge is neither a broadleaf weed nor a grassy weed. It belongs to the sedge family and can only be controlled with a specialty herbicide. Nutsedge is a yellow-green looking plant and thrives in hot humid conditions, usually when the rest of your lawn in showing signs of stress.

For more information: http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/pests/weeds/hgic2312.html

What is thatch and how do I best control it with aeration?

Thatch is a layer of plant stems, roots, rhizomes, and plant crowns that is intermingled between the soil level and the green leaf tissue. A thick thatch layer can prevent adequate air, moisture, and nutrients from getting to the root zone of the soil. Some of the best ways to prevent a heavy thatch layer is to choose your species of turfgrass wisely and incorporate regular aerations into your lawn care program.

For more information: http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/lawns/thatch-control/

What species of grass should I use when seeding?

There are several species of grass to use in our area. Fescues and Bluegrasses are the most popular. Each species of grass has various benefits and drawbacks. Choosing the proper grass to have in your lawn is important to meet your individual needs.

For more information: http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/low_maintenance_lawns_in_the_midwest

What is the most effective control for moles?

Moles can be effectively controlled by trapping and/or baiting with a pesticide. Each method has its own benefits and disadvantages. Some people have been told that a grub treatment for their lawn is the most effective way to control moles. This however is simply not true. Moles will eat grubs, but earthworms are their primary diet. Just because you have moles does not mean you have a grub infestation.

For more information: http://extension.missouri.edu/p/G9440

How do I identify a white grub in my lawn?

A white grub can be identified in your lawn by finding an affected area in the lawn and tugging on it. If the lawn comes up easily and there are white-looking larvae in the soil beneath, it is a good bet that you have grub damage. White grubs have a body similar to a worm, but a head and some legs similar to a beetle. Grubs are identified for their particular species by their rasters (the last abdominal region of their body).

For more information: http://pested.osu.edu/presentation02folder/Lawninsects.pdf

What are Japanese beetles?

Japanese beetles are in invasive winged-beetle that has been known to damage several desirable ornamental plants, shrubs, trees, and turf. Like many beetles, they begin life as an egg that hatches into a grub (larvae stage) in the soil beneath your lawn.

For more information: http://pested.osu.edu/presentation02folder/Lawninsects.pdf

What is the proper care for roses?

Roses can be an attractive attribute to your landscape if properly cared for. Roses require proper pruning techniques and fertilization to help maintain their beauty.

For more information: http://www.weeksroses.com/assets/info/WR15_Info_RosePlantingAndCare.pdf

How do I identify some of Ohio’s most common trees?

Ohio has an abundance of trees native to our area and others that are commonly used in landscapes. This link provides a guide to identify several of Ohio’s trees.

For more information: http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/trees

What are bagworms and how are they controlled?

Bagworms are a caterpillar that attaches to a host plant, most commonly an evergreen, and feed off of the plant tissue. They are identified by a bag or sac comprised of the host plant’s leaves or materials that hangs from the plant. A common control method is the use of a pesticide.

For more information: http://lancaster.unl.edu/hort/bagworm.pdf

What are those webs in the crotches of my trees?

The thick webbing that can appear in many ornamental trees in our area can be blamed on the Eastern and/or Forest Tent Caterpillars. These caterpillars build a thick nest comprised of webbing and live and feed on the host tree within their web/nest.

For more information: https://entomology.ca.uky.edu/ef423

What are the benefits and values of having trees?

There are several benefits to having trees on your property. Trees can help lower heating and cooling costs and release oxygen back into our atmosphere. Tress can also help improve your property’s real estate value.

For more information: http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/benefits_trees.pdf and http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/TreeValues.pdf

Why does “topping” hurt trees?

A popular way by some to quickly reduce the size of a tree is to “top” it. Although a tree may survive for a few seasons after being topped, this practice is harmful to tress for many reasons.

For more information: http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/WhyToppingHurts.pdf

What is the proper way to plant a tree?

When wanting to plant a tree, there are a few things to consider. You want to find the right kind of tree with the growing habits and size to meet your needs. You also want to make sure it is planted in an area it will grow well and receive plenty of sunlight and water while not interfering with other existing plants or structures. The holes need to be dug wide enough to backfill with good topsoil and only as deep as the root ball to the root flare.

For more information: http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/New_TreePlanting.pdf

What is proper pruning practice for young and mature trees?

Pruning is a practice to help achieve a particular shape, size, or structure for many trees. However, there is a wrong way and a right way.

For more information: http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/Pruning_YoungTrees.pdf and http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/Pruning_matureTrees.pdf

What are the proper mulching techniques for my trees?

Mulch can provide many benefits for your trees. Proper mulching techniques need to be observed when doing so to ensure the overall health and longevity of the tree(s).

For more information: http://treesaregood.org/treecare/resources/ProperMulching.pdf

What should I do if I think my tree has an insect or disease problem?

There are several diseases and insect pests that can harm your trees. ISA Certified Arborists are trained to identify and provide solutions to most any common problem.

For more information: http://treesaregood.com/treecare/resources/InsectAndDisease.pdf

Are there risks associated with having trees?

While having trees can provide you with many benefits, there are times that trees can present a risk. To avoid some of these risks, consult an ISA Certified Arborist. The link below also includes some very helpful tips that are endorsed by the ISA.

For more information: http://treesaregood.com/treeowner/treehazards.aspx

What is IPM (integrated pest management)?

IPM is a practice that uses several common-sense techniques for pest management. PHC (plant health care) concepts are another set of techniques that aid in proper plant management. The links below gives a helpful overview of different practices the IPM approach employs.

For more information: http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/ipm.htm and http://ento.psu.edu/extension/trees-shrubs/ornamental-entomology-ipm-phc